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Lie Angle

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Golfer about to hit golf ball off of tee with driver, low angle.
Gary Morrison/age fotostock/Getty Images
Definition: The lie angle of any golf club is the angle formed between the center of the shaft and the sole, or ground line of the club when the club is soled in its proper playing position (as at address). Picture the club properly soled on flat ground, with a straight line extending back from the heel of the club along the ground. Now measure the angle from that line up to the shaft. That's the lie angle.

Lie angles almost always range from the mid-50 degrees to the mid-60 degrees. In irons, the range is typically from 59 or 60 degrees to around 64 degrees. Long irons have lower lie angles (referred to as "flatter"), while short irons have larger lie angles (referred to as more "upright").

Finding the proper lie angle to fit a golfer's swing is an important part of the clubfitting process. Taller golfers tend to require larger lie angles (more "upright" clubs) while shorter golfers tend to require lower lie angles ("flatter" clubs) in order to make the best contact with the ball.

What happens if the lie angle of your clubs is ill-fitted for your swing? The clubface will wind up in an improper position at contact, resulting in poorer shots. If a club is in a toe-down position at impact (the toe scraping the ground with the heel up off the ground), it is sign that your clubs have a lie angle that is too flat (meaning, too low of an angle). If a club is in a toe-up position at impact (heel on the ground but toe up off the ground), it is a sign that your have a lie angle that is too upright (meaning too great of a lie angle).

For more on lie angle, see the FAQ, What is lie angle?

Return to Golf Glossary index

Also Known As: Sometimes just referred to as the "lie" of a club
Examples:
"I'm taking my irons to a clubfitter to have the lie angles flattened."

"You might need a more upright lie angle."

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