The term "medal play" today is most likely to be heard at tournaments that begin with a round or two of stroke play before switching to match play. For example, at the U.S. Amateur or U.S. Women's Amateur, two rounds of medal play are used to whittle the field down, with the Top 64 golfers continuing on to match play. This usage of "medal play" also gives us the term "medalist."
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"The tournament starts with two rounds of medal play, then four rounds of match play."