"Bounce angle" is a measurement in degrees of the angle from the front edge of a club's sole to that point on the sole that actually rests on the ground at address
. The middle or rear of many soles (measuring from front to back, not side-to-side) is lower than the front edge. Bounce angle is most commonly applied to wedges, where bounce angle can range from zero degrees (a flat sole) to 10-12 degrees or even higher. A higher bounce angle will keep the club from digging too deeply into turf or sand. The higher the bounce angle, the more the leading edge of the club is off the ground when the face is square and at address.
The amount of bounce needed depends on conditions. If you play courses with soft, fluffy sand, you'll need more bounce. If the courses you play typically have harder sand, you'll need less bounce. Playing from fairway - less bounce.
The type of swing can influence the amount of bounce needed, too. Players who swing their wedges steeply into impact need more bounce. Players who sweep through and undercut need less bounce.
For more, see the FAQs:
What is bounce?
Do course conditions and swing type influence how much bounce I need on my wedges?
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Also Known As: "Bounce angle" if often shortened to just "bounce."