1. Sports
Send to a Friend via Email

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:


was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Discuss in my forum

Meet the Putter

Understanding Golf Clubs: Putters


Ping 2011 Putters - Anser Milled and Scottsdale

A heel-toe putter (left) and mallet putter (right) by Ping.

Images © Ping Golf
The putter is the most-used club in golf. Think about it: If it takes you two putts per green, you'll use your putter 36 times during a round of golf. Many beginners will need to use it even more than that.

There are more varieties of putters on the market than any other club. That may be because choosing a putter is a very personal process. There is no "right" putter. There is simply the putter that is right for you.

Putters generally come in three styles of clubhead, and three varieties of lengths.

Clubheads can be a traditional blade; a heel-toe clubhead; or a mallet clubhead. A traditional blade is narrow and shallow, typically with the shaft entering at the heel (although sometimes center-shafted). Low-handicappers might like traditional blades because they offer great feedback, but most golfers are better off staying away from blades. They offer very little forgiveness.

Beginning golfers will want putters that are plenty forgiving, meaning they help cover up for mis-hits and poor strikes. Heel-toe putters have the same general shape as blades, but with extra eight at the heel and toe to add perimeter weighting, and with other design tricks (hollow back, wider flange, face inserts) to help boost MOI.

Mallet putters have large clubheads that maximize moment of inertia for the most forgiving putter heads. Mallets come in a variety of shapes and sizes, some of the very large and quite unusual.

Lengths are standard, often referred to as a "conventional putter," and standard lengths range from around 32 to 36 inches. Standard, or conventional, length is the most popular and is the length that beginners should start with.

Then there are long putters, which are - you won't be suprised - longer than the standard length. Long putters generally fall into two categories: belly putters and broomstick putters.

How do standard (conventional), belly and broomstick putters compare? See our article on finding the right putter length), but the basic advice is to start with a standard putter and move on to a long putter only if you can't improve with the conventional.

But what putters boil down to is personal choice. If it feels good to you when you are using a putter, then that putter will probably work just fine. So much of putting is confidence, so having a putter that feels good, that you simply like, can only be a good thing.

Putters are, of course, designed to be used on the putting green. However, it isn't uncommon for golfers to use their putters from up to a few yards off the putting green, if the turf around the green is cut very low. The key to using a putter from off the putting surface is a low, smooth cut of turf. The fringe or frog hair that circles a green usually qualifies.

All putters, regardless of size or shape, are designed to start the ball rolling smoothly, with a minimum of backspin to avoid skipping or skidding. Almost all putters have a small amount of loft (typically 3 or 4 degrees), so the ball does come up off the turf when it is first struck, then settles back on the surface of the putting green and begins its forward roll.

For more reading about putters, see:
Before you buy a putter
Comparing putter lengths

For instructional articles on how to use your putters, see:
Putting tips

  1. About.com
  2. Sports
  3. Golf

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.